Tuesday, February 28, 2012

JSRI's Fred Kammer, S.J, on Catholics and Capitalism






http://www.loyno.edu/jsri/catholicism-and-capitalism

Catholicism and Capitalism

“Catholic social doctrine is not a surrogate for capitalism.” [Blessed John Paul II]

by: Fred Kammer, SJ Jesuit Social Research Institute. Number 19. Feb 2012

Issues in the current political campaign season, the Occupy Movement, and claims made by free market extremists about Catholic social teaching require us to take another look at the uneasy relationship between Catholicism and capitalism. In the development of modern Catholic social thought, beginning with Rerum Novarum in 1891, there is a shift from an apparent “acceptance,” without formal endorsement, of capitalism by Pope Leo XIII in the beginning of this period. This initial acceptance is gradually changed by the doubts of Pius XI, by Pius XII's recognition of capitalism's tie to egoism, and John XXIII's call for its reform. Paul VI then seems to take a posture of greater neutrality on both capitalism and communism, allowing local church affirmation of the good and criticism of the evil in a plurality of economic and political models operative in local situations.

The In-Depth Criticism of Capitalism by Blessed Pope John Paul II

Pope John Paul II in his earlier writing then attempts to distance the Church from the dominant political and economic schools of both east and west. He harshly criticizes the underlying ideologies of both liberal capitalism and Marxist collectivism and the devastating evil and destructiveness of their interaction.

Then, in Centensimus Annus (1991), Pope John Paul reflects on both socialism and liberalism in light of the fall of the U.S.S.R. and the dominance of capitalism on the world stage. He contends that Pope Leo foresaw the negative political, social, and economic consequences of the social order proposed by socialism, including its suppression of private property [no. 12 in text]. Socialism's flawed anthropology subordinates persons to socioeconomic mechanisms [13] and is rooted primarily in atheism [13] and class struggle [14]. "Real socialism" was embodied in the oppressive regimes which fell in 1989. Their fall, John Paul says, was due to violations of the rights of workers (private initiative, ownership of property, and economic freedom) [23], the inefficiency of the economic system as a consequence of violating human rights [24], and the spiritual void created by atheism [24].

Turning to capitalism and in the context of affirming the efficiency of "the free market," John Paul writes:

We have seen that it is unacceptable to say that the defeat of so-called "real socialism" leaves capitalism as the only model of economic organization. It is necessary to break down the barriers and monopolies which leave so many countries on the margins of development and to provide all individuals and nations with the basic conditions which will enable them to share in development.1

Again, he asks whether "capitalism should be the goal of the countries now making efforts to rebuild their economy and society?" John Paul's answer is:

The answer is obviously complex. If by capitalism is meant an economic system which recognizes the fundamental and positive role of business, the market, private property and the resulting responsibility for the means of production as well as free human creativity in the economic sector, then the answer is certainly in the affirmative even though it would perhaps be more appropriate to speak of a business economy, market economy, or simply free economy. But if by capitalism is meant a system in which freedom in the economic sector is not circumscribed within a strong juridical framework which places it at the service of human freedom in its totality and which sees it as a particular aspect of that freedom, the core of which is ethical and religious, then the reply is certainly negative.2

It is important to read this statement in full. Many commentators quoted it in part and out of context, even going so far as to reverse the two alternative "if" sentences to end with the affirmative (Richard John Neuhaus).3 Ringing praises of capitalism, as some claimed, or "the moral vision of a political economy such as that of the United States" (Michael Novak)4 were at best a new form of theological spin control and at worst a form of "market idolatry" [40] when judged in the encyclical's full complexity. As John Paul explained at an audience on the day Centesimus was released, the Catholic Church "has always refused and still refuses today to make the market the supreme regulator or almost the model or synthesis of social life."5

John Paul's position, consistent with the tradition, has been to criticize both socialism and capitalism, even the "new capitalism." As if to respond to the wishful thinking of some free market commentators, the Pope once more made clear in a 1993 address in Latvia his criticism of both communism and capitalism:

Besides, Catholic social doctrine is not a surrogate for capitalism. In fact, although decisively condemning “socialism,” the church, since Leo XIII’s Rerum Novarum, has always distanced itself from capitalistic ideology, holding it responsible for grave social injustices (cf. Rerum Novarum, 2). In Quadragesimo Anno Pius XI, for his part, used clear and strong words to stigmatize the international imperialism of money (Quadragesimo Anno, 109). This line is also confirmed in the more recent magisterium, and I myself, after the historical failure of communism, did not hesitate to raise serious doubts on the validity of capitalism, if by this expression one means not simply the “market economy” but “a system in which freedom in the economic sector is not circumscribed within a strong juridical framework which places it at the service of human freedom in its totality” (Centesimus Annus, 42).6

Pope John Paul endorses neither capitalism nor communism, nor does he propose some third way between the two or some economic model of its own. The church's proper contribution is Catholic social teaching which, in the prophetic mode, "recognizes the positive value of the market and of enterprise, but which at the same time points out that these need to be oriented toward the common good" [43]. The 1999 discussion by John Paul II of “neoliberalism” in Ecclesia in America[56] adds further weight to the argument that Catholic social teaching remains profoundly critical of current market-driven societies and the injustices which they perpetuate.

Pope Benedict Continues this Critical Analysis

In Caritas in Veritate (2009), Pope Benedict follows his predecessor Pope John Paul II in Centesimus Annus (1991) by highlighting “the need for a system with three subjects: the market, the State and civil society” [38].

The Market

The pope understands and affirms the importance of the economic marketplace as the institution “that permits encounter between persons, inasmuch as they are economic subjects who make use of contracts to regulate their relations as they exchange goods and services of equivalent value between them, in order to satisfy their needs and desires” [38]. He further acknowledges that in the global era, the economy is influenced by a number of competitive and different models tied to cultures. Economic life requires contracts, the point at which commutative justice is most applicable to regulate relations of exchange. But, as the pope notes, “the social doctrine of the Church has unceasingly highlighted the importance of distributive justice and social justice for the market economy…” [35]. Benedict also makes it clear at various points that in a globalized economy, it is access to international and other markets that is most needed by the poor and by underdeveloped nations.

The State

The second sector or subject in society is political authority, which Pope Benedict promotes as ideally “dispersed” and “effective on different levels” [41], including the international. It is “the political community” which has responsibility for directing economic activity towards the common good [36]. Grave imbalances are produced, he writes, “when economic action, conceived merely as an engine for wealth creation, is detached from political action, conceived as a means for pursuing justice through redistribution” [36].

Benedict further acknowledges that, “the State finds itself having to address the limitations to its sovereignty imposed by the new context of international trade and finance, which is characterized by increasing mobility both of financial capital and means of production, material and immaterial” [24]. This has altered the political power of States and calls for a reevaluation of the role of the States. Rather than “being too precipitous in declaring the demise of the State,” however, Benedict suggests that in the current world economic crisis the State’s role seems destined to grow in working towards resolution of this crisis [41]. In addition, he argues that governments must commit themselves to greater collaboration with one another to deal with a transnational integrated economy [41], as well as a stronger and reformed United Nations and other international economic institutions and international finance [67].

Civil Society

Pope Benedict is in continuity with his predecessors as well in emphasizing the importance of civil society which Pope John Paul II saw “as the most natural setting for an economy of gratuitousness and fraternity…” [38]. In this country, this sector is what we call the “voluntary sector” or “non-profit sector.” It is very consistent with the principle of subsidiarity, and in Catholic social thought this sector has been critical to arguments against the absorbing tendencies of centralizing governments. It also has been important to cushioning the worst aspects of the market. For Benedict, civil society is essential to preserving important aspects of human society and promoting integral human development. In his words:

When both the logic of the market and the logic of the State come to an agreement that each will continue to exercise a monopoly over its respective area of influence, in the long term much is lost: solidarity in relations between citizens, participation and adherence, actions of gratuitousness, all of which stand in contrast with giving in order to acquire (the logic of exchange) and giving through duty (the logic of public obligation, imposed by State law) [39].

Thus, civil society is a key counter-balance to both the market and the State for Pope Benedict and Catholic Social Teaching.

In conclusion, Pope Benedict highlighted the importance of markets, the necessity of justice to assure that markets are directed to the common good and function effectively, and the role of political authorities in making justice a reality. In response to free market extremists, Benedict is clear that “the conviction that the economy must be autonomous, that it must be shielded from ‘influences’ of a moral character, has led man to abuse the economic process in a thoroughly destructive way” [34]. One way in which he discusses the implementation of economic justice is the redistribution of particular goods to those most in need. (Beware, “Joe the plumber”!) Some examples where the pontiff cites the importance of redistribution are in the economy [37], redistribution of wealth on an unprecedented and worldwide scale through appropriate globalization [42], and a necessary worldwide redistribution of energy resources [49].


1. Pope John Paul II, Centesimus Annus, op. cit., No. 35.

2. Ibid., No. 42.

3. Richard John Neuhaus, “The Pope Affirms the ‘New Capitalism,’” Wall Street Journal, editorial page, May 2, 1991. Neuhaus even violated the Vatican’s press embargo in order to give his own spin to the encyclical before other commentators could report on the encyclical.

4. Michael Novak in “The Pope, Liberty, and Capitalism: Essays on Centesimus Annus,” National Review, Special Supplement, p. S-12.

5. Cindy Wooden, “Marxism Worsened Problems of Working Class, Pope Says at Audience,” Catholic News Service, May 1, 1991.

6. Pope John Paul II, “What Social Teaching Is and Is Not,” in Origins, Vol. 23, No. 15, September 1993, pp. 256-58, at 257.



Labels: , , , ,

24 Comments:

Anonymous Anonymous said...

What a materіal of un-ambiguity and preѕeгνeness of preсiouѕ knowlеdge сoncerning unpredicted feelings.


Feel frеe to visit my site - V2 Cigs Reviews

Sat Feb 23, 01:45:00 AM 2013  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

What's up everyone, it's my first gо to sеe
at this web page, anԁ artіcle is really fruitful in favor of me, κeep up
poѕting these types of articlеs oг гeѵiewѕ.


mу page ... visit this hyperlink

Sat Mar 09, 08:29:00 AM 2013  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

you're truly a excellent webmaster. The website loading speed is incredible. It sort of feels that you're ԁoing аny
ԁistinctive trick. Also, The contents are masterpiеce.
you've performed a magnificent activity in this matter!

Here is my web page :: Read The Full Guide

Sat Mar 09, 01:44:00 PM 2013  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

When I іnitіally commеnteԁ
I cliсked the "Notify me when new comments are added" сhесkbox
and now еaсh timе a cоmment is аdded I get four e-mails ωith the sаme
comment. Is there any way you can гemοve реople from that
sеrvice? Appreсiate іt!

Feel frее tο ѕurf tо my blоg
Body hair

Mon Mar 18, 05:35:00 AM 2013  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

I love looking through a ρost that can make men and women think.

Alsο, thanks for allοwing foг me to comment!



Feel free to visit my web page: Click Here

Fri Mar 22, 04:29:00 AM 2013  
Blogger Caroline Lopez said...

I have a great appreciation for "constant deliberate scholarship" of so worthy a challenge to livie and work more decisively for justice for all.

Mon Mar 25, 05:57:00 AM 2013  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

exаctly whеre do we buy electгoniс сigаretteѕ

Fееl fгee to vіsit my web blog ... Cdinterface.sourceforge.Net

Sun Mar 31, 04:59:00 PM 2013  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

It's very trouble-free to find out any matter on net as compared to books, as I found this article at this web site.

my blog just click the up coming page

Sun Apr 07, 09:22:00 AM 2013  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

I'm extremely impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your blog. Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself? Either way keep up the excellent quality writing, it is rare to see a nice blog like this one these days.

Have a look at my homepage - socialbook.fr

Wed May 01, 01:11:00 PM 2013  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Somеbody essentially lend a hanԁ to make seгiously posts I'd state. This is the first time I frequented your website page and to this point? I surprised with the research you made to create this actual post extraordinary. Excellent activity!

My web blog; Share Group

Thu May 09, 05:28:00 PM 2013  
Blogger Unknown said...

air jordan 8
ed hardy clothing outlet
insanity dvd sale
michael kors handbags
marc jacobs outlet
michael kors
hermes bags
coach factory outlet
timberland canada
ray ban sunglass
christian louboutin
adidas wings
jordan 3
jordan 11 snakeskin
timberland boots
hollister outlet
polo ralph lauren
gucci handbags
tods sale
christian louboutin sale
chanel no 5
hollister co
polo outlet
ray ban eyeglasses
louis vuitton
concord 11
tods shoes outlet
louboutin
coach outlet store online
hollister outlet
coach outlet
coach factory outlet
louis vuitton
louis vuitton handbags
louis vuitton handbags
lv bags
20150630xiong

Tue Jun 30, 02:46:00 AM 2015  
Blogger Zheng junxai5 said...

2015-09-15 zhengjx
Louis Vuitton Handbags Outlet On Sale
ugg australia
michael kors handbags
coach factory outlet online
Louis Vuitton Handbags UK For Sale
cheap uggs sale
michael kors bags
Cheap Toms Shoes Outlet Sale Clearance
louis vuitton
Cheap Jordan 13 Shoes For Sale Free Shipping
New Jordans Cheap For Sale
michael kors outlet
Up to 70% Off Louis Vuitton Outlet
Gucci UK Outlet Handbags Sale
Ray Ban Sunglasses Outlet Store Online
Coach Factory Outlet Discount Online
ugg boots
Air Jordan 4 Retro Free Shipping
Louis Vuitton Outlet Store Locations
Coach Outlet Store Online Free Shipping
canada goose
timberland boots
Coach Outlet Online Coach Factory Outlet
michael kors handbags
toms outlet
michael kors handbag
Cheap Louis Vuitton Handbags Luggage Bags Sale
Abercrombie And Fitch Clothing Outlet at New York
Hollister UK Clothing Store
toms shoes

Tue Sep 15, 02:43:00 AM 2015  
Blogger mao qiuyun said...

dansko outlet, http://www.dansko-shoes.us/
cyber monday 2015, http://www.blackfriday2015.in.net/
canada goose coats, http://www.canadagoose-coats.us.com/
tiffany outlet, http://www.tiffany-outlet.us.com/
tiffany jewellery, http://www.tiffanyjewelleryoutlets.co.uk/
cheap jordans, http://www.cheapjordanshoes.in.net/
wedding dresses, http://www.weddingdressesoutlet.co.uk/
soccer jerseys, http://www.soccerjerseys.us.com/
ray ban, http://www.occhiali-rayban.it/
hermes belt, http://www.hermesbelts.us/
chanel handbags, http://www.chanelhandbags-outlet.co.uk/
oakley sunglasses, http://www.oakleysunglassescanada.com/
hermes bags, http://www.hermesbags.co.uk/
cheap nfl jerseys, http://www.cheapnfljerseys.org/
nobis outlet, http://www.wellensteyn.com.co/
adidas wings, http://www.adidaswings.net/
coach outlet canada, http://www.coachoutletcanada.com.co/
louis vuitton outlet, http://www.louisvuittonoutletstore.name/
ugg boots, http://www.uggbootsclearance.in.net/
canada goose jackets, http://www.uggbootscheap.eu.com/
tory burch outlet, http://www.toryburch.in.net/
designer handbags, http://www.designerhandbags.us.com/
nike huarache, http://www.nikeairhuarache.org.uk/
timberland boots, http://www.timberlandboots.name/
louis vuitton handbags, http://www.louisvuittonhandbags.org.uk/
nike outlet store, http://www.nikeoutletstore.us/
ed hardy clothing, http://www.edhardy.us.com/
ralph lauren, http://www.poloralphlaurenoutlet.it/
ugg boots, http://www.uggboot.com.co/
1013maoqiuyun

Mon Oct 12, 10:15:00 PM 2015  
Blogger Wenhao Guo said...

winter coats, http://www.wintercoats.us.com/
canada goose jackets, http://www.canadagooseoutlet.com.co/
ugg outlet, http://www.uggoutlet.org.uk/
cyber monday deals, http://www.cybermondaydeals.in.net/
snow boots, http://www.snowboots.us.com/
canada goose outlet, http://www.canadagoose-coats.us.com/
canada goose outlet, http://www.canada-goosejackets.us.com/
canada goose jackets, http://www.canadagoosecanada.com/
ugg sale, http://www.uggsale.in.net/
canada goose jackets, http://www.canadagoosejackets.in.net/
winter jackets, http://www.winterjackets.us.com/
parajumpers coats, http://www.parajumpers.in.net/
discount ugg boots, http://www.discountuggboots.in.net/
canada goose jackets, http://www.canada-gooseoutlet.us.com/
cyber monday 2015, http://www.cybermonday2015.us.com/
ugg outlet, http://www.uggoutletstore.eu.com/
belstaff jackets, http://www.belstaff.us.com/
ugg boots, http://www.uggboots-outlet.co.uk/
wellensteyn jackets, http://www.wellensteyn.com.co/
black friday 2015, http://www.blackfriday2015.in.net/
ugg boots, http://www.uggbootscheap.eu.com/
barbour coats, http://www.barbour.us.com/
cheap ugg boots, http://www.cheapugg-boots.in.net/
woolrich outlet, http://www.woolrichoutletstore.us.com/
ugg outlet, http://www.uggoutlet.in.net/
moncler jackets, http://www.monclerjacketsuk.co.uk/
black friday deals, http://www.blackfridaydeals.us.com/
nobis outlet, http://www.nobis.us.com/
ugg australia, http://www.uggaustralia.in.net/
moncler outlet, http://www.moncleroutletstore.us.com/
achang1024

Fri Oct 23, 10:52:00 PM 2015  
Blogger 驴小布 said...

20151102 junda
louis vuitton
michael kors outlet online
canada gooses outlet
longchamp bags
true religion outlet
hermes uk
ralph lauren uk
mulberry bags
true religion jeans
canada gooses
ugg boots clearance
nike roshe run women
ralph lauren outlet
louis vuitton
juicy couture
nike store
ugg boots
christian louboutin uk
louis vuitton outlet
longchamp outlet
nike roshe runs
cheap oakley sunglasses
tory burch outlet
coach factory outlet
pandora charms
louis vuitton handbags
michael kors outlet
canada gooses jackets
coach outlet
jordan 6
michael kors outlet
jordan 4
louis vuitton outlet
mcm outlet
coach outlet
hollister uk
mont blanc pens
louis vuitton outlet
michael kors outlet
michael kors outlet online

Mon Nov 02, 05:29:00 AM 2015  
Blogger Minko Chen said...

ray-ban sunglasses
mlb jerseys
ugg outlet store
cheap ugg boots
oakley sunglasses
oakley sunglasses wholesale
oakley sunglasses
moncler outlet store
canada goose outelt
belstaff outlet
woolrich outlet store
barbour jackets
parajumpers outlet
wellensteyn outlet
canada goose outelt
nobis jacket
barbour jackets
moncler outlet
black friday deals
black friday 2015
1223

Tue Dec 22, 09:03:00 PM 2015  
Blogger 柯云 said...

2015-12-26keyun
pandora jewelry
ray-ban sunglasses
nike air max uk
oakley sunglasses sale
oakley sunglasses
coach factory outlet
coach outlet store online
christian louboutin shoes
coach clearance
michael kors outlet clearance
north face jackets
ugg clearance outlet
coach factory outlet online
louis vuitton handbags
retro 11
oakley sunglasses
gucci outlet
nike huarache white
ed hardy outlet
louis vuitton
fake oakley sunglasses
uggs on sale
canada goose outlet
louis vuitton handbags
uggs outlet
uggs on sale
ralph lauren outlet
christian louboutin
michael kors outlet online
instyler
ugg boots sale
tory burch outlet
ugg boots sale
coach outlet
oakley store
louis vuitton outlet
kids lebron shoes
ugg boots sale
michael kors
oakley outlet

Fri Dec 25, 04:28:00 AM 2015  
Blogger ninest123 said...

ninest123 16.01
true religion jeans, air max pas cher, longchamp, timberland, nike air max, converse pas cher, nike blazer, michael kors uk, vans pas cher, north face, sac guess, sac burberry, nike air force, ray ban sunglasses, polo ralph lauren, hollister, north face, true religion outlet, coach outlet store online, michael kors outlet, louboutin, lululemon outlet online, ralph lauren, abercrombie and fitch, true religion outlet, michael kors, true religion jeans, nike huaraches, air max, nike free, longchamp, oakley pas cher, michael kors pas cher, hollister, new balance pas cher, sac hermes, air jordan, nike roshe run pas cher, mulberry, hogan outlet, ray ban pas cher, replica handbags, nike tn, nike roshe, vanessa bruno, nike free pas cher, nike trainers, air max, sac longchamp pas cher, coach purses, polo lacoste

Thu Jan 28, 10:22:00 PM 2016  
Blogger ninest123 said...

tory burch outlet, jordan shoes, oakley sunglasses, michael kors outlet, oakley sunglasses, michael kors outlet, chanel handbags, longchamp outlet, uggs outlet, ugg boots clearance, burberry outlet, tiffany and co, nike shoes, michael kors outlet online sale, louis vuitton, cheap uggs, prada outlet, oakley sunglasses, polo ralph lauren outlet, louis vuitton handbags, michael kors outlet, replica watches, ray ban sunglasses, nike free, ugg outlet, louboutin outlet, ray ban sunglasses, louis vuitton outlet, oakley sunglasses cheap, cheap oakley sunglasses, air max, tiffany and co, louis vuitton outlet, ray ban sunglasses, louboutin shoes, longchamp handbags, burberry outlet, longchamp handbags, prada handbags, louis vuitton outlet stores, air max, uggs, michael kors outlet, polo ralph lauren, michael kors outlet, louboutin, rolex watches, gucci outlet, christian louboutin

Thu Jan 28, 10:25:00 PM 2016  
Blogger ninest123 said...

soccer shoes, bottega veneta, instyler, iphone 6s plus cases, converse, nfl jerseys, soccer jerseys, iphone 6s cases, mcm handbags, p90x, jimmy choo outlet, baseball bats, ghd, north face jackets, iphone 6 plus cases, iphone 6 cases, ipad cases, hollister clothing store, air max, babyliss pro, chi flat iron, iphone cases, beats by dre, valentino shoes, timberland boots, mac cosmetics, vans shoes, celine handbags, insanity workout, asics running shoes, ferragamo shoes, wedding dresses, north face outlet, abercrombie and fitch, oakley, ralph lauren, air max, mont blanc, lululemon outlet, reebok outlet, abercrombie, s6 case, gucci, herve leger, ray ban, birkin bag, new balance shoes, iphone 5s cases, vans, nike roshe run, louboutin, giuseppe zanotti

Thu Jan 28, 10:28:00 PM 2016  
Blogger ninest123 said...

hollister, ugg, canada goose, moncler, pandora jewelry, rolex watches, montre homme, moncler, sac lancel, thomas sabo, moncler, swarovski crystal, sac louis vuitton, ugg, louis vuitton, links of london, barbour, moncler, juicy couture outlet, moncler outlet, canada goose, ugg pas cher, converse shoes, pandora jewelry, louis vuitton, doke gabbana, swarovski, coach outlet store online, pandora charms, canada goose, moncler, canada goose, juicy couture, pandora charms, supra shoes, moncler, canada goose uk, canada goose, ugg, marc jacobs, moncler, ugg boots, canada goose outlet, sac louis vuitton, canada goose jackets, barbour, wedding dresses, karen millen, toms shoes, louis vuitton uk
ninest123 16.01

Thu Jan 28, 10:32:00 PM 2016  
Blogger xjd7410@gmail.com said...

coach factory outlet
coach outlet store online
ray bans
beats headphones
air max 90
fitflops sale clearance
oakley outlet
ray ban sunglasses outlet
michael kors handbags
kobe 9
louis vuitton handbags
giuseppe zanotti sneakers
michael kors outlet
cheap oakley sunglasses
supra shoes
nike uk
oakley sunglasses
coach outlet
louis vuitton outlet
tods shoes
toms shoes
michael kors outlet clearance
adidas nmd
coach outlet
coach outlet online
air max 90
louis vuitton outlet
toms shoes
jordan concords
nike sb shoes
adidas originals
air jordan pas cher
nike uk
adidas shoes
ray bans
kate spade
nike roshe flyknit
hollister clothing store
michael kors outlet online
cheap jordans
2016.7.14haungqin

Thu Jul 14, 02:17:00 AM 2016  
Blogger xjd7410@gmail.com said...

20161123 junda
hollister clothing
christian louboutin outlet
louis vuitton
ralph lauren
coach outlet online
michael kors outlet
ugg uk
versace sunglasses
the north face jackets
nike blazer pas cher

Tue Nov 22, 10:38:00 PM 2016  
Blogger raybanoutlet001 said...

new balance outlet
miami dolphins jerseys
new orleans saints jerseys
cheap nhl jerseys
nike tn pas cher
lions jerseys
coach factory outlet
toms outlet
instyler max 2
sac longchamp

Mon Apr 03, 04:17:00 AM 2017  

Post a Comment

Subscribe to Post Comments [Atom]

<< Home